What is Fibromyalgia?Fibromyalgia is characterised by debilitating pain experienced throughout the body. Statistically more prevalent in women, it is often accompanied by fatigue, sleep disruption, IBS, low mood, and anxiety. Scientists now believe FM patients share an oversensitivity to pain, because of increased sensory processing.
However, no one really knows what causes fibromyalgia to take hold. Stress seems to be a factor, as is unprocessed childhood trauma. In fact, a difficult or traumatic childhood is now considered a risk factor for getting fibromyalgia in later life.
It’s common for fibromyalgia patients to be prescribed painkillers of anti-inflammatory medication to control their chronic pain. Other drugs include Lyrica, Cymbalta and Savella. But what can you do if you’d like to take a more natural approach to healing fibromyalgia?
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1. The Fibromyalgia DietFibromyalgia is intrinsically linked to inflammation in the body, so for someone with a recent FM diagnosis, taking a good look at your diet is a good place to start. According to Dr Axe, certain foods are considered inflammatory, such as milk products, anything containing sugar, alcohol, coffee, and processed foods and should therefore be excluded in a FM diet. But there are also some whole foods that are not suitable for people with FM, like fructans (wheat, rye, garlic, and onion), galactans (legumes, lentils and soybeans), and fruit with stones (avocados, apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches, and plums).
Anti-inflammatory foods to include are vegetables (bok choy, carrots, cucumbers, lettuce, potatoes, summer squash, and winter squash), certain fruit (bananas, berries, cantaloupe, grapes, honeydew melon, kiwi, kumquat, citrus fruits, pineapple, and rhubarb), protein sources (eggs, grass-fed beef and lamb, free-range chicken and turkey, wild-caught fish, and tempeh), breads and grains (Gluten-free oats, GMO-free corn, GMO-free rice, quinoa, sourdough spelt, gluten-free bread, and gluten-free pasta), plus nuts and seeds.
2. Dietary SupplementsCertain dietary supplements have been shown to help ease fibromyalgia symptoms. Top of the list is Magnesium Citrate. A study published in Rheumatology International found that a daily dose of 300 milligrams of magnesium citrate in female FM patients over an eight-week-period brought about an reduction in the number of tender points noted.
Vitamin D deficiency is also thought to be a common factor amongst FM patients. The easiest way to give your vitamin D levels a boost is by spending 20 minutes in the sun without any sunscreen. But for those of us not blessed with a sunny climate, vitamin D can be obtained from foods such as oily fish or a quality supplement.
As well as containing vitamin D, oily fish is a great source of essential fatty acids such as Omega 3, which is considered anti-inflammatory and great for brain function. If you are vegetarian, hemp seed oil is an alternative plant-based source of Omega 3 and 6.
3. CBD OilWhich brings us smoothly on to CBD oil. Also derived from the hemp plant, CBD is a special compound, known as a cannabinoid, which has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects. This is because CBD modulates the production of certain inflammatory proteins called cytokines, which are overproduced in certain autoimmune diseases. Not only that, CBD activates the TRPV-1 receptor, which mediates pain, inflammation and body temperature.
But there is another interesting reason why CBD oil may be effective for fibromyalgia and this relates to a potential deficiency in the body’s endocannabinoid system. Most of us, including many in the medical profession, have never heard of the endocannabinoid system. However, it is a scientifically proven cell communication network of cannabis-like chemicals, produced by the body and called endocannabinoids, and special receptor sites. Its role is to produce balance, or homeostasis, acting rather like a dimmer switch, turning up or down cellular activity as needed.
Unfortunately, the endocannabinoid system can itself become out of balance due to lifestyle factors such as stress, poor diet and sleep problems. When the endocannabinoid system becomes depleted, it is suggested that the body can become over-sensitive to pain. This has been termed Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency and is linked to conditions such as fibromyalgia, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, migraines, and Multiple sclerosis. The scientist who developed the theory, Ethan Russo, suggests patients with a sub-optimal endocannabinoid system should consider supplementing with phytocannabinoids from the cannabis plant, such as CBD.
So far, most published scientific papers have found improvements in fibromyalgia patients who have taken medical cannabis in general. But due to the limited legal access to medical cannabis worldwide, many patients are turning to legal CBD oil. In an interview with Endoca, Jo Allen, a British FM sufferer, shared her experience. “CBD has definitely helped,” says Jo. “I’m now off my sleeping tablets. It helped me through withdrawals from Oxynorm and has since helped me reduce them significantly. It is a gentle effect and it’s only when you look back you can say ohh right yes that is better.”