Are you new to the world of CBD, or are you just hoping to get a closer look at the numerous hows and whys surrounding the hype? No matter the reason why you’re here, we’ve got something interesting lined up for you, and we can’t wait to share it with you. Spoiler alert, it’s to do with cannabinoid receptors.
When it comes to CBD, you rarely run out of questions to ask. However, have you ever wondered how CBD actually attaches to your system? Whether it just magically slides into your bloodstream or runs through your digestive system? I’m guessing you haven’t, but not to worry, cause you’re about to find out.
So, get comfortable, sit back and enjoy a good read. Here goes; a quick guide to cannabinoid receptors: where are they and what do they do.
Let’s start at the very top.
What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that interact with the endocannabinoid system, also referred to as the ECS, in order to either trigger or pause various physiological actions throughout the body.
And now, you might ask yourself, what is the ECS?
The ECS is a system responsible for a long line of physiological processes such as appetite, pain sensation, mood, and memory. As it’s the body’s primary regulatory system, it has the character of an internal balancing mechanism. When functioning optimally, the system works to keep a vast range of bodily functions in equilibrium.
The beauty of it is that once we truly begin to understand the ECS and the way it works, we might find a shortcut to preventing a plethora of conditions and illnesses.
The way cannabinoids work is that they mediate communication between various cells and systems and thereby help the body function better. Its receptors, when activated, trigger various chemical, natural and pharmacological effects relating to how we feel, both mentally and physically.
Simply put, there are two types of cannabinoids; the cannabinoids that are created within the body, endocannabinoids, and the cannabinoids that are added to the system from the outside i.e. via CBD or THC: both cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis sativa plant. These are called phytocannabinoids.
There are about 500 different natural components in cannabis, and more than 100 of them are classified as phytocannabinoids. The two best-known phytocannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). While THC is known for its psychoactive effects and its high, CBD appears to play a key role in the cannabis plant’s medicinal benefits.
Before we go any further, let’s take a quick look at CBD and its useful benefits.
What is CBD?
CBD (also known as cannabidiol) is a natural phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis sativa plant. The oil that we produce here at Endoca is derived from the hemp plant in particular, which means that it contains no more than 0.3% THC. We put great effort and attention into our oil production and take pride in following the process from seed to final product closely. Here you can find more information about what’s CBD
CBD has the potential to help a long line of conditions such as:
- Chronic Pain & Pain Management
- Stress & Anxiety
- Depression & Sleep
- Mental illness
- Asthma & Allergies
- Hormonal Health & Nutritional problems
- Bone Health & Inflammation
- Recovery & Reproductive Health
How do Cannabinoids Work?
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) helps the body maintain biological stability (homeostasis). Insofar as the system succeeds in doing this, the body remains healthy and balanced, whether the surrounding environment is supporting this or not. Making sure your ECS is looked after and in balance will, therefore, reward you on many different levels.
The way cannabinoids work is by attaching themselves to the different cannabinoid receptors in the body, sending a message telling it what functions need to be activated.
Phytocannabinoids, the cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis sativa plant, are known for working their magic by imitating the endocannabinoids that are naturally produced in the body. They either bind to or indirectly affect, ECS receptors in the body. This helps promote healthy communication between cells and various physiological processes. This does not only lead to better overall health but can also prove to have potential medicinal benefits.
What are Cannabinoid Receptors?
The cannabinoid receptors line the surface of cells that are spread throughout your body. There are at least two types of receptors that work as part of your endocannabinoid system: CB1 receptors that are most abundant in your central nervous system (CNS), and CB2 receptors that are found outside of the CNS, including in your white blood cells and in the cells of your immune system.
This means that by reaching out to these receptors, chances are that we can begin to impact and help a long line of diseases and conditions that are created in either the central nervous system, in the blood cells or in the immune system.
Now, this is where CBD comes into the picture. By stimulating the cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system, CBD can, in fact, wake up your system and start working towards restoring your overall balance and well-being. For this purpose, it is very efficient.
Where are Cannabinoid Receptors Found?
The CB1 receptors are located both in the body and in the brain. However, we find the largest amount of CB1 receptors in the brain and in the spine. The CB1 receptors have similar functions to the areas they’re located in. This means that the receptors in the brain work to impact things such as memory, appetite, pain, and so on. The receptors are often found at the end of our nerves, which is why they can help lower or manage pain when they’re activated.
The CB2 receptors, on the other hand, are found in the peripheral nervous system. The cannabinoids attach themselves to the receptors and tell them what functions in the body to either activate or pause. When activated, CB2 receptors can for instance help reduce inflammation in all parts of the body.
However, the cannabinoid CBD is known to have a low binding affinity to your CB2 cannabinoid receptors and is thought to merely interact and stimulate them in order to help your body create more of their own cannabinoids.
So, there you are, a quick run-through of cannabinoid receptors: where are they and what do they do.
Did we manage to answer your questions about cannabinoid receptors, or are you still not entirely sure about the how and why of CBD? Visit our blog to learn more, or feel free to send us a message via the chat box in the right corner or drop us an email. We’ll be more than happy to assist you with Endoca products.
Disclaimer: Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Endoca and its staff. This article is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or cure. Endoca CBD products have not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).