How is Cannabidiol made in hemp?
Cannabidiol in hemp
The amount of cannabidiol (CBD) or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) a cannabis product contains is vitally important both for health and for legal reasons. For CBD oil producers to supply a product high in Cannabidiol (CBD) and only trace levels of THC, they must ensure that they have chosen cannabis plants with good CBD genetics. In this article we are going to explore just what that means by tracing back just where CBD and THC come from, and the mechanisms by which they are formed.
Hemp or cannabis?
Hemp is no different from the cannabis plant, it is just a term which encompasses certain strains of cannabis plants. Hemp plants are just cannabis strains which produce very low levels of THC, and as a result can be grown legally in many countries around the world. Due to the low levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) in hemp, other cannabinoids such as CBD (cannabidiol) and CBDa (Cannabidiolic acid) are in high concentrations - consequently giving the plant amazing medical properties.
The importance of genetics
The genetics of the cannabis plant used is very important for both regulatory and manufacturing purposes equally. As hemp farmers have to make sure that THC levels in the plant are kept very low, it is essential that they keep track of their genetics strains and make sure that they are growing plants with good genes for CBDa synthase. Similarly CBD (cannabidiol) manufacturers also need to make sure that they are sourcing or growing botanical raw material with good genetics for their CBD (cannabidiol) and CBDa production, and bad genetics for THCa and THC production. This is so that there is a very low chance of contamination of their CBD (cannabidiol) products with THC, thus preventing any psychoactive side effects in their products.